1.1 - History of Rome, The Kingdom

Aerial view of the city centre of Rome -

Rome, the Eternal City, the Head of the World, is one of the cradles of "western civilisation", and a city who has lived the last two thousand and five hundred years as a major player in the political, religious and cultural domain. Each century and each event has left traces still visible in the city, its buildings and its inhabitants, creating an unique environment that can be seen in only few other places in the world.


This is not the place to write about the history of this city, because too many books have been written by much more competent people and because this is a website about tourism, but a short summary is necessary.
The kingdom, VIII-VI BC. According to the legend the city was founded on the Palatine Hill in 753 BC  by Romolus, who in the process killed his twin Remus while building the first ring of walls. In the following two hundred years the city was led by another six kings (more or less legendary) and expanded and consolidated his position among the neighbouring towns and tribes, securing what is now roughly the area of the city council of Rome. During the last period of the kingdom (6th Century BC) the city felt under the influence of the Etruscan (the inhabitants of roughly what is modern Tuscany) and the city was protected by a second ring of fortifications, the "Servian Wall"  that can still be seen in several parts of the city.
Arco di Dolabella, near Villa Celimontana

Where to stay.

The links below will send you to the main tourism portals to a selection of hotels of good quality and with prices that can be below 50€ per night. I recommend you to search the best deal for your period and to verify the comments of other guests, and if possible, to add your own comment. Remember that guests comments as well as official "star" ratings can be biased and that apart of Tripadvisor, the other websites can remove nasty comments on requests of the hotels.